Difference Between an Expert Witness and a Factual Witness

Any time there is a trial going on, factual witnesses are almost always called to the stand to testify. It is the expert witness that may not be seen as often because it depends on the type of trial. But what is the difference between an expert witness and a factual witness? How do both roles help put everything into perspective so that the jury can make an informed decision about a case? While both offer valuable information, the information that is offered by one is much different than the information offered by the other.

A factual witness

The factual witness is an individual who knows facts about the specific case at hand. For example, a person may witness a murder, so they know facts about the specific case. They may have firsthand knowledge that no one else has seen or knows. They have to give this information to those in the courtroom in order to have their factual testimony admitted as a type of evidence for the case.

The factual witness will take an oath to tell the whole truth about what they know. They then give this information during the court case. It is the lawyer or prosecutor’s job to find discrepancies in the witness’s statement. Once things are clarified and the jury has a clear picture of that witness, they are able to have more data to help the make an informed decision about the case.

An expert witness

The expert witness is quite different from a factual witness. For example, the expert witness can be a doctor, a scientist, or a specialist on a particular body of knowledge that is outside the specific case but relevance toward the outcome of a case. When questions about the Middle East or the Muslim Community worldwide arise, expert Shaul Gabbay is a professional that understands how to supply professional and succinct supporting insight. They are an expert in a particular field.

Asylum trials are frequently cases where an expert witness is needed. An expert witness may also give their expert opinion about something, such as something being possible or not. Forensic scientists and even dentists can be called up to the stand regarding crime scene evidence and such things as dental records. In cases that revolve around certain cultural laws, a specialist like Shaul Gabbay can impart meaningful knowledge of how a person seeking asylum is treated in their Muslim culture or area where they live based on laws and cultural norms.

Witnesses can be very important to a case:

Whether an expert witness or a factual witness, professional testimony can be extremely important.  In a trial, it is important that all of the possibilities, impossibilities, evidence, eyewitnesses, and expert witnesses are laid out in front of the jury. Not having sufficient evidence or witnesses can result in a guilty individual being let go, which means they could commit the crime again.

Expert Shaul Gabbay has impacted many cases and has been a crucial component hired by many lawyers nationwide to help in their cases. One lawyer said:

“Professor Gabbay provided the testimony we needed in numerous asylum cases I have presented to the Immigration Court. In virtually all of those cases, but for the expert witness testimony, I doubt the cases would have been approved. In fact I would say the cases were not even approvable without this testimony, because much of the information present is simply not available through normal forms of research involving news accounts and human rights reports. Expert testimony from Professor Gabbay fills in these gaps and provides essential, corroboration for the applicant’s account of events.

I recommend Professor Gabbay to anyone with issues involving Islamic society and culture.”


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